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Fernando Morán López, diplomat, politician and writer born in Avilés (Asturias) on 25 March 1926. mother and father Avilesina Zamora, civil engineer at the time for the Board of Works from the port of Aviles.

He graduated in law in Madrid. He studied political science and economics. Extended his studies at the Institute of International Studies in Paris and the Sciences Po Paris and the London School of Economics in London.

He joined the Diplomatic School of Madrid in 1952 and the diplomatic corps, as secretary of embassy in 1954. Has served as a diplomat in the Foreign Ministry, Buenos Aires, South Africa, Lisbon and London, where he was appointed consul general in 1972, Ambassador Manuel Fraga. He was deputy director and general director of Africa and the Middle East. Professor of the Diplomatic School.

Between 1982 and 1985 he was Minister of Foreign Affairs. During his tenure ended negotiations for the integration of Spain into the European Economic Community, the Treaty of Accession was signed on 12 June 1985. Opened on February 5, 1985 the gate blocking access from Spain to Gibraltar, with the negotiation of the Plan of Gibraltar, accepting for the first time London to discuss the issue of sovereignty, and began talks with the United States to reduce military presence of this country in the American bases. It renegotiated the defense treaty with the United States and restored the climate of relations with France and dealing with the USSR.

Fernando Moran, a man of intense political activity, he founded the Socialist Party of the Interior, after the Popular Socialist Party (PSP), which ended up joining the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE).

Elected senator for the PSOE in Asturias in the Constituent Assembly and in the first term (1978-1982), also held the position Minister of the Environment and Social Welfare in the pre-autonomous entity of Asturias.

He was also MP for the PSOE in Jaén in the second term (1982 to 1986).

Madrid municipal councilor and spokesman for his group, ran unsuccessfully for Mayor's Madrid by the PSOE in 1999.

It was Spain's permanent representative at the UN between 1987 and 1989.

Asimsmo was a member of European Parliament (MEP) from 1987 to 1999, becoming president of the Constitutional Commission.

He holds numerous awards, among which the Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III, the Grand Cross of Alfonso X the Wise, the Grand Cross of Officer of the Legion Honour, Grand Cross of Christ (Portugal) and the medal gold in the autonomous region of Asturias.


He has written numerous newspaper articles, with collaborator of the Country, Asturias, Regional newspaper, The New Spain and other regional newspapers, Esprit de Paris, Sare Nova de Lisboa, Diario de Noticias, L'ofone Rabat and New York Times .

Among his books are as follows.

Political Essay

The new kingdom: an essay on the meaning of politics in black Africa. Madrid, Tecnos, 1967.

Revolution and tradition in Black Africa. Madrid, Alianza, DL 1971.

Ideological deployment since the Second World War in Europe and especially in the Mediterranean: an analysis of conflicting factors and long-range alternatives. Madrid, Instituto Nacional de Prospectiva, 1978.

A foreign policy for Spain: a socialist alternative. Barcelona, Planeta, 1980.

Elements d'une doctrine for Foreign Relations de l'Espagne. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur l'Armée. Toulouse, Université de Toulouse IInstitut d'Etudes Politiques, "1982?

Spain in place. Esplugues de Llobregat, Current Books, 1990 ["Spain's foreign policy between 1982 and 1985."]

Policy for young people. Fernando Morán, Ramón Serrano Nieto and Anne. Madrid, Editorial design, 1992.

Open letter to a young man about what Europe is. Barcelona, Península, 1996.

Time for reform: ideas for political renewal. Madrid, Grupo Santillana - El País Aguilar, 1999.

Manuel ana. Fernando Morán, Juan Velarde Fuertes. Barcelona, Ediciones B, 2003.

Literary essay

Nation and alienation in black African literature. Madrid, Taurus, 1964.

Explanation of a limitation: the realistic novel of the fifties in Spain. Madrid, Taurus, DL 1971.

And halfway-fiction (a novel interpretation of the Latin American and Spanish). Madrid, Taurus, 1971.

The destruction of language. Madrid, Mosque, 1982.


Also died on Tues Buenos Aires, Losada, 1958. Remade in 1983 and 1990.

Joe Gimenez, a promoter of ideas and other stories. Barcelona, Seix Barral, 1964. Remade in 1982.

The prophet. Barcelona, Seix Barral, 1961. Remade in 1983 and 1986.


Downtime and other annotations. Oviedo, Caja de Ahorros de Asturias, 1990.

Notepad: analysis, hopes and longings. Barcelona, Círculo de Lectores, Galaxia Gutenberg, DL 1995.

The day ...: stories. Madrid, Alfaguara, 1997. Translated into Portuguese in 2001.

Palimpsest: a memoir mode. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 2002.

Has collected biographical and intellectual trajectory in Spain in place and Palimpsest: a memoir mode.


Poems. Avilés, Azucel, 2003.

Newspaper articles

Time for reform: ideas for political renewal. Madrid, El Pais-Aguilar, 1999.

Light at the end of the tunnel: Fernando Moran in dialogue with Juan Carlos Vidal. Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 1999.


The foreign policy of Franco, Jose Mario Armero. Barcelona, Planeta, 1978.

Eyes in the night, Luis Marañón Richi. [Oviedo: sn], 1980.

The process of self-determination of the Sahara, Francisco Villar. Valencia, Fernando Torres, 1982.

The new European concert, Jacques Delors. Madrid, Accent, 1993.

North of Cape Peñas: Letters from a year in London, of Carmen de la Campa. Oviedo, Alvízoras Llibres, 1997.

Journal articles

"Socialism, culture and the State ', in Socialism and culture: Javea IV / Alfonso Guerra and others.

"The political changes in the European Community" in Spanish Socialists and the European Community / [Socialist Parliamentary Group].

"The Crossroads of Europe" System, social science journal. Madrid System Foundation. Numbers 114-115 (June 1993), pp. 25-36.

"The European Community and political autonomy" in the system, social science journal. 0210-0223. Madrid. Numbers 118-119 (1994), pp. 181-185.

"The reconstruction of a new order" in s Accounting of current thinking. 0211-1381. Madrid. Numbers 80, 81 (June-July 1993), pp. 13-15.

"Reflections on the new international order" in a futureto the left: 20 years of Socialist Left. Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva, 2002, pp. [32] -36.

Collective works

The book and the TV in the new Europe / Fernando Morán et al. Madrid, ACE, 1980.

The awakening of Africa: end of European colonialism / Fernando Morán et al. Madrid, Historia 16, 1983.

Crisis and Underdevelopment in Latin America / Fernando Morán et al. Huelva Provincial Board of the Fifth Anniversary of the Discovery of America, 1992.

SOURCE: Press Office of President of the Principality of Asturias, September 2006 - www.VivirAsturias.com.

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